研究所課程

碩士班選修(M字頭)
課程名稱 教 師 學分 內 容 介 紹
高等大氣動力學 郭鴻基 3 基本動力理論。地轉調適過程,波動力學,內外重力波, Ertel的位渦度理論,準地轉運動的Rossby波動,大氣中強迫及自由波動,正壓及斜壓不穩定性,Eady模式,非線性斜壓不穩定性,鋒生、旋生。
中尺度氣象學 游政谷 3 (1)中尺度的基本概念 、(2)中尺度天氣現象的觀測分析與預報、(3)大氣對流的觀念、(4)中緯度及熱帶中尺度對流系統、(5)劇烈風暴、(6)鋒面的中尺度特徵與其伴隨的雨帶。
大氣準平衡動力系統 吳俊傑 3 I. Fundamental Conservation and Balance Principles for large-scale flow
II. Generation of Synoptic-scale Eddies
III Fronts and Frontogenesis
IV Tropical Dynamics
雷達氣象學 周仲島 3 第一部分為天氣雷達的觀測原理,主要講授內容為質點對電磁波的散射,大氣對電磁波的衰減與折射,天氣雷達方程與應用,雙偏振雷達原理,都卜勒雷達探測原理,晴空大氣之雷達探測。第二部分為天氣雷達的應用,主要講授內容為回波估計降雨的方法與實做,劇烈天氣的監測與預報,低空風切與大氣邊界層的探測與應用等。
資料同化 楊舒芝 3 This course* will introduce the concept of data assimilation, including the development of objective analysis methods. Common data assimilation schemes in numerical modeling will be discussed. Materials will cover both the variational and ensemble-based methods for basic understanding and modern applications.
雲動力學 吳健銘 3 This course focuses on the general dynamics of cloud systems. Models of fog, stratocumulus, shallow cumulus, deep cumulus, and orographic convection will be presented. Classes will include presentations by the instructor and students. Material covered in class will be supplemented by homework assignments, which require coding abilities. Numerical simulations of idealized convective systems will be conduced using the vector vorticity equation cloud resolving model (VVM). The class will conclude with student presentations on a chosen project based on the results of the numerical simulations.
氣候診斷 黃彥婷/許晃雄/羅敏輝/陳維婷/盧孟明 2 如何利用物理與動力觀念、統計方法與數值模擬,分析與診斷氣候變異,探討可能的影響機制。本課程重點為實作經驗,學生將分組,選定研究題目(如:聖嬰現象、北極振盪、特定氣候極斷事件、季內振盪、亞州季風等),研讀相關論文,了解現象,分析資料與(或)進行數值模擬。對選定之氣候現象進行完整與系統性的探討。課程將分為三大部份主題(季風,自然震盪,人為氣候變遷)。
氣候變遷科學 陳維婷 2 • This course provides a solid foundation in climate change science, including lectures on the physical basis of anthropogenic climate change, natural climate variations, and global climate models.
• The students need to work on projects to obtain a hands-on experience on building toy models and analyzing the observational data sets and global model outputs.
• The student will read and present selected sections of the 2013 IPCC 5th Assessment Report (AR5) of Working Group I Physical Basis, as well as the related literatures, to understand the current status of climate change research.
動力氣候學 隋中興 3 大氣動力學及熱力學之氣候學;用氣候學解釋並研究大氣之環流。關於動力氣候學與綜觀氣候學 (Synoptic climaatology)間之區別常有混淆,茲比較如下:
(a) 動力氣候學係全球性,而綜觀氣候學則為區域性 (b) 動力氣候學係理論氣象學者所研究,而綜觀氣候學係預報員及實用氣象學者所研究 (c) 動力氣候學係將各地之觀測紀錄歸納成全部大氣之能量過程,而綜觀氣候學則係將大氣環流分述為局部天氣
全球大氣環流 黃彥婷 3 This course will introduce the characteristics and the associated mechanisms of the planet-scale circulation in the atmosphere. Topics include: zonal mean meridional circulation, mid-latitude transient eddies, storm tracks, global monsoon circulations, Walker circulations, and low frequency variation of circulation. The observed and model projected trend of these circulations will be covered by paper discussions led by students.
大氣煤灰粒子獨立研究 陳正平 2 本課程經由論文導讀以及實際著手進行理論分析與計算的方式,瞭解大氣煤灰粒子的在大氣各種物理、化學過程中所扮演的角色。主要內容包括:大氣煤灰粒子的來源與化學成分;傳送與轉換機制;對雲微物理過程的影響;對長、短波輻射的影響;internal mixing 與 external mixing的問題如何進行詳盡模擬與參數化模擬。
數值天氣預報 楊明仁 3 This course will first introduce the basic concepts of numerical methods, which are the key components for the class of Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP). Then examples of the barotropic vorticity model and primitive equation models used during the early development of the NWP will be discussed and demonstrated in class.
雲與環境專題討論 陳維婷/羅敏輝 3 本課程主旨在研究「深對流雲」之特性及在天氣與氣候中之重要性。 經由對觀測、模擬、理論三方面之深層剖析,全面瞭解深對流雲與環境條件、邊界層、雲物理、輻射收支、大尺度環流、全球氣候之交互作用,以及其中牽涉之物理過程。
陸地大氣交互作用 羅敏輝 3 Topics covered include: (1) basics of terrestrial surface energy, water and carbon balances, (2) ecohydrology, and (3) land use and land cover changes. Students will read several critical papers in these topics, and will also learn to design, perform, and analyze numerical climate experiments/outputs with a land surface model and climate model for their final project.
氣象時間數列分析 吳明進 3 統計分析是大氣科學研究和應用必備的基本工具之一。本學期將介紹統計學中很重要一部份-時間數列分析。課堂中將簡單的介紹相關的理論和最近的發展,而著重於統計方法的應用,並將以實際的大氣現象舉例說明氣象學家如何選用這些統計方法於大氣的研究與應用。本學期我們將做一個小小的研究計畫,以實際的運算來幫助對各項統計方法的了解。時間數列分析完全獨立於近代大氣科學統計方法的主要內容-多變數分析,沒修過近代大氣科學統計方法的也可以修習。
地球系統模式-氣候模式結果分析與IPCC報告 陳維婷 /羅敏輝/吳鍵銘 3 This course provides an overview of the climate change physical basis as synthesized by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The IPCC has been established in 1988 to evaluate the risk of climate change caused by anthropogenic and natural radiative forcing agents. In this class, we will be reading and discussing chapters of the 2013 IPCC 5th Assessment Report (AR5) of Working Group I Physical Basis. The students will also work on projects to obtain a hands-on experience on analyzing the IPCC global climate model outputs (Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5, CMIP5) and observational data sets to reproduce and extend the analyses in the AR5 report. The students need to have basic capabilities to analyze and/or visualize numerical data using at least one programming languages and one scientific software, such as FORTRAN, GrADS, IDL, Matlab, or NCL.
聖嬰氣候震盪動力學 金飛飛 2 Part 1 ENSO Phenomenon and Its Impacts Part 2 Tropical Atmospheric and Ocean Basic Dynamics Part 3 ENSO Modeling and Prediction Part 4 Coupled Dynamics and ENSO: Part I Coupled instability and modes Delay-oscillator and recharge oscillator model for ENSO: dichotomy and unification Measure for ENSO-stability Part 5 Coupled Dynamics and ENSO: Part II Dynamics for ENSO asymmetry Dynamics for ENSO and annual cycle interaction (and phase – locking) Dynamics for ENSO Amplitude Dynamical Framework for ENSO diagnostics Part 6 Challenges for ENSO Modeling, Prediction and Theories
雙偏極雷達專題 周仲島 3