Hsiao, W.-T., Hwang, Y.-T.*, Chen, Y.-J., & Kang, S. M. (2022). The role of clouds in shaping tropical Pacific response pattern to extratropical thermal forcing. Geophysical Research Letters, 49, e2022GL098023. https://doi.org/10.1029/2022GL098023
- Figure 4. A schematic of the feedbacks behind the La Niña-like sea surface temperature (SST) formation. Hadley Cell adjustment due to the forcing is shown on the left. On the map, the climatological ITCZ is indicated by the dashed line, with near-surface wind change (arrows) and associated SST change by the wind-evaporatioon-SST (WES) feedback (band-structured shading) when the ITCZ shifts north. Cloud-associated responses near the equator are also depicted with realistic style and its effects on SST response are as the shading patches. A flow chart of the discussed feedbacks is on the top, that the color patterns roughly indicate the spatial patterns of SST change that the feedbacks imposed, where blue colors are cooling and red colors are warming.